Linux下压缩与解压.zip和.rar及.7z文件

admin Linux 1年前 912℃ 0
摘要:

对于Window下的常见压缩文件.zip和.rar,Linux也有相应的方法来解压它们:˂brstyle="box-sizing:border-box;white-space:normal;...

对于Window下的常见压缩文件.zip和.rar,Linux也有相应的方法来解压它们:

1)对于.zip

linux下提供了zip和unzip程序,zip是压缩程序,unzip是解压程序。它们的参数选项很多,可用命令zip -help和unzip -help查看,这里只做简单介绍,举例说明一下其用法:

# zip yajiu.zip yajiu.jpg yajiu.png
这条命令是将yajiu.jpg和yajiu.png压缩成一个zip包
# zip yajiu.zip *.jpg
这条命令是将所有.jpg的文件压缩成一个zip包
# zip -r yajiu.zip yajiu
这条命令是将文件夹yajiu压缩成一个zip包
# unzip yajiu.zip
这条命令是将yajiu.zip中的所有文件解压出来

[email protected]:~$ cd 图片
[email protected]:~/图片zip yajiu.zip yajiu.jpg yajiu.png
updating: yajiu.jpg (deflated 34%)
updating: yajiu.png (deflated 0%)
[email protected]:~/图片$ zip yajiu.zip *.jpg
adding: 1.jpg (deflated 34%)
adding: 2.jpg (deflated 0%)
[email protected]:~/图片$ zip -r yajiu.zip yajiu
adding: yajiu/ (stored 0%)
adding: yajiu/yajiu.zip (stored 0%)
adding: yajiu/yajiu.jpg (deflated 34%)
adding: yajiu/yajiu.rar (deflated 0%)
adding: yajiu/yajiu.7z (deflated 0%)
adding: yajiu/yajiu.png (deflated 0%)
[email protected]:~/图片$ unzip yajiu.zip
Archive: yajiu.zip
replace 1.jpg? [y]es, [n]o, [A]ll, [N]one, [r]ename: y
inflating: 1.jpg                   
replace 2.jpg? [y]es, [n]o, [A]ll, [N]one, [r]ename: y
inflating: 2.jpg                   
[email protected]:~/图片$ 

2)对于.rar

安装: sudo apt-get install rar unrar

或者可从http://www.rarsoft.com/download.htm下载 RAR for Linux 编译安装
# tar -xzpvf rarlinux-3.8.0.tar.gz
# cd rar
# make
这样就安装好了,安装之后就有了rar和unrar这两个程序,rar是压缩程序,unrar是解压程序。它们的参数选项很多,可用命令rar -help和unrar -help查看,这里亦简单举例说明一下其用法:

# rar a yajiu.rar yajiu.jpg yajiu.png
这条命令是将yajiu.jpg和yajiu.png压缩成一个rar包
# rar a yajiu.rar *.jpg
这条命令是将所有.jpg的文件压缩成一个rar包
# rar a yajiu.rar yajiu
这条命令是将文件夹yajiu压缩成一个rar包
# unrar e yajiu.rar
这条命令是将yajiu.rar中的所有文件解压出来

[email protected]:~$ cd 图片
[email protected]:~/图片$ rar a yajiu.rar yajiu.jpg yajiu.png

RAR 3.80 beta 2   Copyright (c) 1993-2008 Alexander Roshal   16 Jun 2008
Shareware version         Type RAR -? for help

Evaluation copy. Please register.

Creating archive yajiu.rar

Adding    yajiu.jpg                                                   OK 
Adding    yajiu.png                                                   OK 
Done
[email protected]:~/图片$ rar a yajiu.rar *.jpg

RAR 3.80 beta 2   Copyright (c) 1993-2008 Alexander Roshal   16 Jun 2008
Shareware version         Type RAR -? for help

Evaluation copy. Please register.

Creating archive yajiu.rar

Adding    1.jpg                                                       OK 
Adding    2.jpg                                                       OK 
Done
[email protected]:~/图片$ rar a yajiu.rar yajiu

RAR 3.80 beta 2   Copyright (c) 1993-2008 Alexander Roshal   16 Jun 2008
Shareware version         Type RAR -? for help

Evaluation copy. Please register.

Creating archive yajiu.rar

Adding    yajiu/yajiu.zip                                             OK 
Adding    yajiu/yajiu.jpg                                             OK 
Adding    yajiu/yajiu.rar                                             OK 
Adding    yajiu/yajiu.7z                                              OK 
Adding    yajiu/yajiu.png                                             OK 
Adding    yajiu                                                       OK 
Done
[email protected]:~/图片$ unrar e yajiu.rar

UNRAR 3.80 beta 2 freeware      Copyright (c) 1993-2008 Alexander Roshal

Extracting from yajiu.rar

1.jpg already exists. Overwrite it ?
[Y]es, [N]o, [A]ll, n[E]ver, [R]ename, [Q]uit Y

Extracting 1.jpg                                                     OK 

7a008fc287fe680c0ff477e9.jpg already exists. Overwrite it ?
[Y]es, [N]o, [A]ll, n[E]ver, [R]ename, [Q]uit Y

Extracting 2.jpg                                                     OK 
All OK
[email protected]:~/图片$ 

2)对于.7z

支持 7Z,ZIP,Zip64,CAB,RAR,ARJ,GZIP,BZIP2,TAR,CPIO,RPM,ISO,DEB 压缩文件格式

安装: sudo apt-get install p7zip p7zip-full p7zip-rar

# 7z a yajiu.7z yajiu.jpg yajiu.png
这条命令是将yajiu.jpg和yajiu.png压缩成一个7z包
# 7z a yajiu.7z *.jpg
这条命令是将所有.jpg的文件压缩成一个7z包
# 7z a yajiu.7z yajiu
这条命令是将文件夹yajiu压缩成一个7z包
# 7z e yajiu.7z
这条命令是将yajiu.7z中的所有文件解压出来,e是解压到当前路径
# 7z x yajiu.7z

这条命令是将yajiu.7z中的所有文件解压出来,x是解压到压缩包命名的目录下


本文链接:http://m.blog.csdn.net/article/details?id=7745980


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